anton4.jpg

Update: Marc Gabelli and Bruce Alpert vs SEC

On February 27, 2013, Chief Justice Roberts delivered the opinion of a unanimous U.S. Supreme Court in Gabelli, et al vs. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), ruling against the SEC. The Supreme Court, petitioned by Marc Gabelli and Bruce Alpert (the "petitioners"), reversed a decision of the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit which had affirmed the SEC's right to bring an enforcement action more than five years after the fraudulent conduct occurred.

The SEC argued that it should be able to avail itself of the "discovery rule" an exception to a traditional statute of limitations. That doctrine delays the start date of the five year period of the statute of limitations until a plaintiff has 'discovered' his or her cause of action. The Supreme Court rejected the application of the doctrine in SEC actions for civil penalties.

In deciding that the "discovery rule" is not applicable in an action for civil penalties brought by the SEC, Justice Robert's wrote:

"Unlike the private party who has no reason to suspect fraud, the SEC’s very purpose is to root it out, and it has many legal tools at hand to aid in that pursuit.
It can demand that securities brokers and dealers submit detailed trading information… It can require investment advisers to turn over their comprehensive books and records at any time. ….And even without filing suit, it can subpoena any documents and witnesses it deems relevant or material to an investigation..
The SEC is also authorized to pay monetary awards to whistleblowers, who provide information relating to violations of the securities laws. …In addition, the SEC may offer "cooperation agreements" to violators to procure information about others in exchange for more lenient treatment. Charged with this mission and armed with these weapons, the SEC as enforcer is a far cry from the defrauded victim the discovery rule evolved to protect."

The Court remanded the matter to the District Court where that Court held that the SEC's claims for civil penalties were barred by the five year limitations period in 28 U.S.C. 2462. The Court reasoned that the SEC's claims against petitioners had "first accrued" when petitioners committed the acts, not when the Commission discovered or reasonably could have discovered the fraud.

Pursuant to the ruling, the Division of Enforcement needs to bring enforcement cases within five years of the time that the fraud occurred.

Additional details on this case can be found in the released opinions PDF document (Case No. 11-1274) located on Supreme Court government website.

Newsletter

Get the latest compliance news and insights - delivered weekly. The SEC3 Communique covers all compliance topics. CCO3 focuses on CCO topics.
tip: check both to keep informed!

Communiques

SEC Adopts Fund Liquidity Reporting and Disclosure Changes

The final week of June was a busy one for SEC releases following the SEC’s June 28th open meeting. Among these was a revisit of Rule 22e-4 under the Investment... read more »

More SEC Settlements - This Time Form PF Filing Deficiencies

On June 1st, the SEC announced settlements with 13 RIAs who repeatedly failed to file Form PF reports. Most of these firms never filed over the review period (2012 through... read more »

Two Recent Enforcement Actions Against Private Fund Advisers

The industry should not misinterpret the SEC’s 2018 National Exam Program Priorities as a shift away from private fund advisers. As discussed during the SEC’s recent National Compliance Outreach Seminar... read more »

2018 - Are you ready for your next SEC exam?

The pool of registered investment advisers that will be subject to an SEC exam in 2018 is at the highest level seen in years. The SEC projects it will examine... read more »

Navigating the Changes to Form ADV

On August 25, 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission adopted numerous substantive and technical amendments to Form ADV. While the adopting release required advisers to begin complying with the... read more »

Overlooked Benefits of E&O/D&O

While asset managers should always be aware of the protections provided by their E&O/ D&O coverage, there are more reasons than ever to think about it now. The SEC continues to... read more »

Events

Chief Compliance Officer Roundtable: Breakfast Briefing - June 14, 2018

When: June 14, 2018 Where: Blank Rome LLP | The Chrysler Building | 405 Lexington Avenue | New York, NY 10174 | 22nd Floor Boardroom | Phone: 212.885.5000 Schedule: 9:00-9:30am - Networking...

Webinar: 2018 SEC Exam Priorities & Recent Exam Highlights

Don’t miss the opportunity to meet with us in person to discuss the topics that matter most to you. Tobin S. Cochran, Managing Member/President of Focus 1 Associates, LLC and...

Chief Compliance Officer Roundtable: Breakfast Briefing - February 7, 2018

When: February 7, 2018 Where: Blank Rome LLP | The Chrysler Building | 405 Lexington Avenue | New York, NY 10174 | 22nd Floor Boardroom | Phone: 212.885.5000 Schedule: 9:00-9:30am - Networking...

Upcoming Events - September & October 2017

Upcoming Events Don’t miss the opportunity to meet with us in person to discuss the topics that matter most to you. SEC3 is teaming up with industry experts in NYC to discuss...

May 23, 2017 - Webcast: WannaCry Ransomware: Were You Really Protected or Just L…

When: Tuesday, May 23rd, 2017 | Schedule: 12pm - 1pm EST Who: Paul Caiazzo, CEO and Co-Founder, TruShield Security Solutions Michael Brice, Founder, BW Cyber Services John Lukan, Managing Director, SEC Compliance Consultants, Inc. We...

June 14, 2017 - Compliance Breakfast Briefing

8:30-9:00am - Networking and Continental Breakfast 9:00-10:30am - Program Location: Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP | 600 Travis Street | Suite 2310 | Houston, TX Barry Barbash from Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP,...

June 13, 2017 - Compliance Breakfast Briefing

8:30-9:00am - Networking and Continental Breakfast 9:00-10:30am - Program Location: Haynes and Boone, LLP | 2323 Victory Avenue | Suite 700 | Dallas, TX 75219 Validated parking is available in the garage attached...

May 31, 2017 - Chicago

9:00-9:30 a.m - Networking and Continental Breakfast 9:30-11:00 a.m - Program Location: Baker & McKenzie LLP | 300 East Randolph Drive | Suite 5000 | Chicago, IL 60601 Kristin Gonzalez and Jerome Tomas...

May 17, 2017 (NYC WIMF)

This event is by invitation only. Please email info@seccc.com to learn more.

May 15, 2017 (NYC Chief Compliance Officer Roundtable)

9:00-9:30am - Networking and Continental Breakfast 9:30-11:00am - Program Location: Blank Rome LLP | The Chrysler Building | 405 Lexington Avenue | New York, NY 10174 | 22nd Floor Boardroom | Phone:...

Webcast: The Most Insidious Cybersecurity Threat Is Also The Least Understood

When: Tuesday, April 25th | Schedule: 12pm - 1pm EST Who: Paul Caiazzo, CEO and Co-Founder, TruShield Security Solutions Michael Brice, Founder, BW Cyber Services John Lukan, Managing Director, SEC Compliance Consultants, Inc. Ransomware, the...

CCO Liability (Part III): Managing Liability Webinar

In this webinar, panelists discuss indemnifications and insurance as potential remedies to address the direct financial risks to a CCO. Attendees will learn: What terms and conditions should Chief Compliance Officers be...

Webinar: CCO Liability (Part III): Managing Liability: Navigating Indemnities an…

When: Tuesday, February 21, 2017 Schedule: 11:00am ET / 10:00am CT / 9:00am MT / 8:00am PT / 7:00am AT Description of Webinar: The National Society of Compliance Professionals is pleased to host...

Webcast: SEC 2017 Examination Focus Area – Cybersecurity Testing

Penetration Testing & Vulnerability Assessments - Examining the SEC & FINRA Requirements When: Wednesday, January 25th | Schedule: 12pm - 1pm EST Who: Paul Caiazzo, CEO and Co-Founder, TruShield Security Solutions Michael Brice, Founder,...

Chief Compliance Officer Roundtable: Breakfast Briefing

When: October 20, 2016 Where: Blank Rome LLP | The Chrysler Building | 405 Lexington Avenue | New York, NY 10174 | 22nd Floor Boardroom | Phone: 212.885.5000 Thomas Westle and Janaya...